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It also provides the ability to hot-add supported hardware. Windows Server Enterprise is also the required edition to issue custom certificate templates. Windows Server Datacenter is designed  for infrastructures demanding high security and reliability.
Windows Server is available for IA, Itanium, and x64 processors. It supports a maximum of 32 physical processors on IA platform or 64 physical processors on x64 and IA hardware. The Datacenter edition, like the Enterprise edition, supports 8-node clustering.
Clustering increases availability and fault tolerance of server installations by distributing and replicating the service among many servers. This edition supports clustering with each cluster having its own dedicated storage, or with all cluster nodes connected to a common SAN.
Windows Compute Cluster Server CCS , released in June , is designed for high-end applications that require high performance computing clusters. It is designed to be deployed on numerous computers to be clustered together to achieve supercomputing speeds. Each Compute Cluster Server network comprises at least one controlling head node and subordinate processing nodes that carry out most of the work. It ties nodes together with a powerful inter-process communication mechanism which can be complex because of communications between hundreds or even thousands of processors working in parallel.
The application programming interface consists of over functions. A job launcher enables users to execute jobs to be executed in the computing cluster. Windows Storage Server , a part of the Windows Server series, is a specialized server operating system for network-attached storage NAS.
Launched in at Storage Decisions in Chicago, it is optimized for use in file and print sharing and also in storage area network SAN scenarios. It is only available through Original equipment manufacturers OEMs.
Windows Storage Server NAS equipment can be headless , which means that they are without any monitors, keyboards or mice, and are administered remotely. Such devices are plugged into any existing IP network and the storage capacity is available to all users.
Multiple such NAS servers can be clustered to appear as a single device, which allows responsibility for serving clients to be shared in such a way that if one server fails then other servers can take over often termed a failover which also improves fault-tolerance. Windows Storage Server can also be used to create a Storage Area Network , in which the data is transferred in terms of chunks rather than files, thus providing more granularity to the data that can be transferred.
This provides higher performance to database and transaction processing applications. Single instance storage SIS scans storage volumes for duplicate files, and moves the duplicate files to the common SIS store.
The file on the volume is replaced with a link to the file. Windows Storage Server R2 provides an index-based, full-text search based on the indexing engine already built into Windows server. Windows Storage Server can be promoted to function as a domain controller; however, this edition is not licensed to run directory services. It can be joined to an existing domain as a member server.
Windows Small Business Server SBS is a software suite which includes Windows Server and additional technologies aimed at providing a small business with a complete technology solution. SBS has the following design limitations, mainly affecting Active Directory: . Windows Home Server was announced on January 7, , at the Consumer Electronics Show by Bill Gates and is intended to be a solution for homes with multiple connected PCs to offer file sharing, automated backups, and remote access.
Intended use was for building firewall, VPN caching servers and similar appliances. Availability of the original version ended May 28, Availability of R2 ended March 5, End of extended support was July 14, all variants except Storage Server  , and End of Licence was May 28, R2 and original.
All variants continued to receive Critical security updates until the end of extended support: . While many features of the bit variant of Windows XP were brought over into Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, other limitations imposed by constraints such as only supporting bit drivers, and support for bit programs being dropped led to incompatibilities with the bit Windows XP editions available. Among the improvements are many of the same updates that were provided to Windows XP users with Service Pack 2.
Features that are added with Service Pack 1 include:. A full list of updates is available in the Microsoft Knowledge Base.
Service Pack 2 for Windows Server was released on March 13, This was followed by build , known as Beta 2 Refresh. The final build is Microsoft has described Service Pack 2 as a "standard" service pack release containing previously released security updates, hotfixes, and reliability and performance improvements. Service Pack 2 also adds Windows Server Scalable Networking Pack SNP ,  which allows hardware acceleration for processing network packets, thereby enabling faster throughput.
Windows Server R2 is an updated release of Windows Server , which contains a copy of Windows Server SP1 on one CD and a host of optionally installed new features on another disc, similar to Microsoft Plus! New features of Windows Server R2 include: . On July 13, , Windows Server 's mainstream support expired and the extended support phase began.
During the extended support phase, Microsoft continued to provide security updates; however, free technical support, warranty claims, and design changes are no longer being offered.
Although Windows Server is unsupported, Microsoft released an emergency security patch in May for the OS as well as other unsupported versions of Windows including Windows Vista and Windows 7 RTM without a service pack , to address a vulnerability that was being leveraged by the WannaCry ransomware attack.
Anonymous users from managed to compile the Windows Server source code, as well as a Twitter user who posted videos of the process on YouTube proving that the code was genuine,  but was removed from the platform on copyright grounds by Microsoft. The leak was incomplete as it was missing the Winlogon source code and some other components. Microsoft issued a statement stating that it was investigating the leaks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Server operating system by Microsoft released in This article has multiple issues.
Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article's lead section may be too short to adequately summarize the key points. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. October This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Closed-source Source-available through Shared Source Initiative. This section is in list format but may read better as prose.
You can help by converting this section , if appropriate. Editing help is available. November This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Microsoft's policy has no bearing on how third-party software vendors such as Oracle administer CPU licensing for its server applications. Main article: Windows Small Business Server.
Main article: Windows Home Server. Main article: Windows Embedded. News Center. San Francisco: Microsoft. April 24, Windows Server Blog. Archived from the original on 1 January Archived from the original on 13 January Archived from the original on 29 December Microsoft Docs. Retrieved November 6, Retrieved 19 June San Francisco : Microsoft. Retrieved 1 April Channel 9.
CBS Interactive. Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on February 24, Archived from the original on January 2, The English United States version of this software update installs files that have the attributes that are listed in the following tables. GDR service branches contain only those fixes that are widely released to address widespread, critical issues.
LDR service branches contain hotfixes in addition to widely released fixes. The security catalog files, for which the attributes are not listed, are signed with a Microsoft digital signature. Learn about the terminology that Microsoft uses to describe software updates.
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